The Special Region of Yogyakarta was created after the independence war ended and legalized on 3 August 1950.
In carrying out the local government administration it considers three principles: decentralization, concentration and assistance. The provincial government carries out the responsibilities and authorities of the central government, while on other hand carrying out its autonomous responsibilities and authorities.
The Regional Government consists of the Head of the Region and the Legislative Assembly of the Region. Such construction guarantees good co-operation between the Head of Region and the Legislative Assembly of Region to achieve a sound regional government administration.
The Head of the Special Region of Yogyakarta has got responsibility as the Head of the Territory and titled as a Governor.